[56] Known in the avocado industry as "cukes", they are usually discarded commercially due to their small size.

In Morocco, a similar chilled avocado and milk drink is sweetened with confectioner's sugar and flavored with a touch of orange flower water. Like the banana, the avocado is a climacteric fruit, which matures on the tree, but ripens off the tree. In Step Wise Protocols for Somatic Embryogenesis of Important Woody Plants, pp. [42], Mexico is by far the world's largest avocado growing country, producing several times more than the second largest producer. Certain cultivars, such as the 'Hass', have a tendency to bear well only in alternate years.
You may use , Many different fungal species.

The US government continued to resist, but agreed after the Mexican government started erecting barriers to US corn. Avocado can be combined with eggs (in scrambled eggs, tortillas, or omelettes), and is a key ingredient in California rolls and other makizushi ("maki", or rolled sushi). [2] The Nahuatl āhuacatl can be compounded with other words, as in ahuacamolli, meaning avocado soup or sauce, from which the Spanish word guacamole derives.

Avocados meaning in Urdu has been searched 716 (seven hundred and sixteen) times till Sep 18, 2020.

Disease can affect all parts of the plant, causing spotting, rotting, cankers, pitting, and discoloration. Avocado, Persea americana, is an evergreen tree in the family Lauraceae which grown for its nutritious fruit, the avocado.The avocado tree is large and dome shaped with oval or elliptical leaves arranged in a spiral on the tips of branches.

Panicles of flowers with deciduous bracts arise from new growth or the axils of leaves.

[16] The oldest discovery of an avocado pit comes from Coxcatlan Cave, dating from around 9,000 to 10,000 years ago.

[15] The three separate landraces were most likely to have already intermingled[a] in pre-Columbian America and were described in the Florentine Codex.

The flesh is prone to enzymatic browning, quickly turning brown after exposure to air. When even a mild frost occurs, premature fruit drop may occur, although the 'Hass' cultivar can tolerate temperatures down to −1 °C.

avocado smallholders are not a homogenous body of farmers’ “success” and “viability” of engagement with the value chain is therefore defined and pursued in many different locally embedded ways (ibid, 3).


In Sri Lanka, their well-ripened flesh, thoroughly mashed or pureed with milk and kitul treacle (a liquid jaggery made from the sap of the inflorescence of jaggery palms), is a common dessert. Conservation of this genetic diversity has relied largely on field collection, as avocado seeds often do not survive storage in seed banks. In the Philippines, Brazil, Indonesia, Vietnam, and southern India (especially the coastal Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka region), avocados are frequently used for milkshakes and occasionally added to ice cream and other desserts. This is a … A ripe avocado yields to gentle pressure when held in the palm of the hand and squeezed.

[46][47] Fallbrook, California, claims, without official recognition, the title of "Avocado Capital of the World" (also claimed by the town of Uruapan in Mexico[48]), and both Fallbrook and Carpinteria, California, host annual avocado festivals. The leaves have a red pigmentation when they …

Avocados can be propagated by seed, taking roughly four to six years to bear fruit, although in some cases seedlings can take 10 years to come into bearing. Avocados in savory dishes, often seen as exotic, are a relative novelty in Portuguese-speaking countries, such as Brazil, where the traditional preparation is mashed with sugar and lime, and eaten as a dessert or snack. Definitions of the word Avocados have been described here with the maximum details. avocado in sindhi; avocado meaning in punjabi; avocado in pakistan; avocado in pashto; nashpati avocado; avocado in pakistan islamabad; Random Quote 1 (1982): 20-24. Environmental conditions may determine which fungal species is most common; spores can spread by wind or rain. [17] It probably coevolved with extinct megafauna.

No extant native animal is large enough to effectively disperse avocado seeds in this fashion. The Mexican government responded by inviting USDA inspectors to Mexico, but the US government declined, claiming fruit fly inspection was not feasible.

Generally, avocado is served raw, though some cultivars, including the common 'Hass', can be cooked for a short time without becoming bitter. [8] The avocado fruit is a climacteric,[9] single-seeded berry, due to the imperceptible endocarp covering the seed,[5][10] rather than a drupe. Avocado slices are frequently added to hamburgers, tortas, hot dogs, and carne asada.

However, there is evidence for three possible separate domestications of the avocado, resulting in the currently recognized Mexican (aoacatl), Guatemalan (quilaoacatl), and West Indian (tlacacolaocatl) landraces.

Gray to black, mushy, foul smelling rot on fruit; fruti has darkened metallic sheen, Bacteria may be present on leaves but do not cause damage unless plant is stressed or bacteria enter the plant through a wound, Black lesions on roots; black, brittle roots; small, yellow leaves; premature leaf drop; decline in fruit yield. The high price is due to last year's heatwave in California.

[59][60], In 2009, Peru joined Chile and Mexico as an exporter of avocados to the US. High humidity encourages scab growth and spread.

[31] Biennial bearing can be a problem, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor yields the next. [43] In 2013, the total area dedicated to avocado production was 188,723 hectares (415,520 acres), and the harvest was 2.03 million tonnes in 2017.

Upper surface of leaves consumed, leaving thin brown membrane or leaves skeletonized; defoliation of tree; terminal leaves joined together by silk webbing; scarred fruit; young larvae are yellow-green and mature to dark green and a short, dark horizontal line on the side of their thorax; adult is a orange or tan moth with dark markings and bell-shaped wings. The fruit of horticultural cultivars has a markedly higher fat content than most other fruit, mostly monounsaturated fat, and as such serves as an important staple in the diet of consumers who have limited access to other fatty foods (high-fat meats and fish, dairy products).

[39], Indoors, an avocado tree is usually grown from the pit of an avocado fruit.

Several cold-hardy varieties are planted in the region of Gainesville, Florida, which survive temperatures as low as −6.5 °C (20 °F) with only minor leaf damage.

Avocados also contain phytosterols and carotenoids, such as lutein and zeaxanthin.[73].

Avocado trees require frequent, deep watering to bear optimally, particularly in spring, summer, and fall.

This contrasts with Spanish-speaking countries such as Chile, Mexico, or Argentina, where the opposite is true and sweet preparations are rare. In Mexico and Central America, avocados are served mixed with white rice, in soups, salads, or on the side of chicken and meat.

It is normally found on avocado, and in Peru it is said to be the worst insect pest of the fruit. Springer, Cham, 2018. ... 3. of the dull yellowish green of the meat of an avocado.


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